Medical Terms

Medical Terms

Fibromyalgia - Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by fatigue, sleep, memory and mood issues. Researchers believe that fibromyalgia amplifies painful sensations by affecting the way your brain processes pain signals.


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome -  Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have enlarged ovaries that contain small collections of fluid — called follicles — located in each ovary as seen during an ultrasound exam


Adenomyosis – Adenomyosis (ad-uh-no-my-O-sis) occurs when endometrial tissue, which normally lines the uterus, exists within and grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. The displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would — thickening, breaking down and bleeding — during each menstrual cycle. An enlarged uterus and painful, heavy periods can result.


Mitral Valve Prolapse – Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) occurs when the valve between your heart's left upper chamber (left atrium) and the left lower chamber (left ventricle) doesn't close properly.


Hypothyroidism – Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn't produce enough of certain important hormones.


Chiari Malformation 8mm - Chiari malformation (kee-AH-ree mal-for-MAY-shun) is a condition in which brain tissue extends into your spinal canal. It occurs when part of your skull is abnormally small or misshapen, pressing on your brain and forcing it downward.


POTS- Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome – POTS is an abnormal response by the autonomic (involuntary) nervous system to standing up. To be diagnosed with POTS, a patient must experience the following:

1. A group of symptoms in an upright position (usually standing) that are relieved by lying down.

2. These symptoms should be associated with an abnormally high and persistent increase in heart rate of 30 beats per minute (40 bpm if under 19 years of age) within ten minutes of standing.


Perineural Cysts – Tarlov cysts (hereafter referred to as TCs) are also known as perineural/perineurial, or sacral nerve root cysts. They are dilations of the nerve root sheaths and are abnormal sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid (hereafter referred to as CSF) that can cause a progressively painful radiculopathy (nerve pain)


Thoracic Spondylosis without Myelopathy – Narrowing or stenosis of the spinal canal may result in myelopathy, radiculopathy, and neurogenic claudication. Degenerative changes, orspondylosis, are the most common causes of these symptoms throughout the spinal axis, but these changes are encountered least frequently in the thoracic region.
Cervical Spondylosis without Myelopathy – Cervical spondylosis with cervical myelopathy, commonly referred to as cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM), refers to impaired function of the spinal cord caused by degenerative changes of the discs and facet joints in the cervical spine (neck).
Adjustment Disorder – Adjustment disorder is a group of symptoms, such as stress, feeling sad or hopeless, and physical symptoms that can occur after you go through a stressful life event. The symptoms occur because you are having a hard time coping. Your reaction is stronger than expected for the type of event that occurred.
Straightened C-Spine, now starting to curve the opposite way – Couldn’t find a definition.
Autoimmune Disease-  An illness that occurs when the body tissues are attacked by its own immune system. The immune system is a complex organization within the body that is designed normally to "seek and destroy" invaders of the body, including infectious agents. Patients with autoimmune diseases frequently have unusual antibodies circulating in their blood that target their own body tissues.

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